The Mediterranean region presents distinct climatic and natural characteristics as well a long history of human intervention on natural ecosystems. Significant threats exist to the forests and species mainly due to human pressure. lntense wood exploitation, grazing and fire, often followed by soil degradation, have lead to a progressive degradation of the Mediterranean forests. ln addition, climate changes, drought, forest fires and soil erosion also plays an important role increasing its fragility and instability. One important feature of the Mediterranean forest is their multiple-purpose nature. Mediterranean forests supply a variety of wood and non-wood products and many services, contributing to the environment, nature conservation and socio-economic needs. This paper presents the Pro Silva principles applied to the management of the Mediterranean forest given their specific natural conditions and ecosystems and regarding their environmental, ecological, economic and social functions.
Please find attached the position paper, in English and French, on ProSilva principles adopted for the management of Mediterranean forests, adopted 29 June 2012 at the 2012 ProSilva Europe delegation meeting at La Ferté Bernard, departement Sarthe, France.